The founding fathers and mothers fourth in the revolution to liberate the people of this great nation and that is how they made history. Because of the suffering some of them underwent especially the black Americans or African Americans and they started fighting for their rights. Tough American life forced then to fight for their rights and eventually history made them. The revolution was to be remembered many years later expressing the heroic deeds of the founding fathers of the nation. Wood … (109) notes that “This is one of the greatest revolutions the world has ever known; it unleashed the social forces that transformed the American society in the years between 1760 and 1820, the change from a monarchial, deferential and static society to a liberal, democratic and commercial one. It was a revolution of the mind, in which the concept of equality, democracy and private interests were grasped by hundreds of thousands of Americans, transformed a country nearly overnight”. However, after several years Martin Luther King used a non violence but assertive approach in the 1960s to fight for their rights. The non violence gained momentum from a go-slow to complete boycotts which paralyzed every business and operations in the United States of America. This approach forced leaders from states to the central government to respect the rights of every American regardless of race and status. Martin Luther King who was born in the 1920s had gone through the great depression which had impacted every person negatively as King & Carson (2001) say, “the great depression has extended disastrous arms to every corner of the nation and household”. This problem had double trouble to the black population and every passing day Martin Luther King Jr. learned a lesson which forced him to fight and stand for social justice.
The American constitution clearly stated that all men were equal and they should enjoy the freedom, liberty and pursue happiness. Unfortunately this was not to be, black Americans faced even greater dangers and discrimination better known as racial segregation. They did not enjoy the freedom to pursue the happiness the constitution had provided for them that is from Independence Day to the mid 20th century, how too long it was? However, the civil movement had started early in the 19th century but the tempo was slow until the mid of the century when it went off full blast led by an eloquent orator and pastor, the Reverend Martin Luther King junior who delivered one of the most memorable speeches on the American soil ‘I Have a Dream’. His speech urged the black Americans who where under siege from racial segregation not to use any kind of violence but employ all diplomatic ways and civil disobedience to subdue the supremacy of the whites so that they respect the tenets of the constitution of the United States. This worked well and during this time there was no single case of death or injuries because of this non violence uprising as it happens in many countries. In his co-authored book The Autography of Martin Luther King, Jr. King & Carson (2001) they say that, “we can not have an enlightened democracy when one great group living in ignorance and we can not have a nation orderly and sound with one group do ground down and thwarted that it is almost forced into unsocial attitudes and crime”.