Fortunately, the preamble of the American constitution was based on God’s blessings for America and the Americans. But it was not the case, people were not equal and yet the constitution had provided for that, blacks could not join or go to white schools and the whites could not go to black schools. Hotels, universities, suburbs, transport systems and everything were divided into two, for whites and blacks, but the blacks suffered the blunt of this racial segregation. The blacks started agitating for equal rights and they were led by Dr. Martin Luther King and other leaders. Furthermore their urge was geared by the Bible Verse from Colossians chapter 3:11(Tyndale 1997) which says, “Here there cannot be Greek and Jew, circumcised and uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, slave, free man, but Christ is all, and in all”. This verse was the force behind the Civil Rights Movement and if the tenets of the American constitution were based on Godly blessings, then there was need for all the oppressed to stand up and fight for their rights. The agitators were brotherly, friendly and their patience was revealed and displayed by their peaceful demonstrations throughout the nation. Dr. Martin in his speech ‘I have a Dream’ said that a time will come when the daughters and sons of the land will not be judged by the color of their skin but the content in their brains. This was not only a strong message but demonstrated how deep the problem had penetrated the American society and which needed urgent solution. Through the vision and legacy of reverend Martin Luther King Junior, the objective of equal rights was achieved.
Dr. Martin Luther King did not live to see and enjoy the freedom and equality he earnestly fought for, but a few days later after his assassination in 1968 all Americans were free and equal up to date, the freedom is felt and the speech elicited feeling of really emancipation.
South Africa is another country that had undergone through turmoil and fire of racial segregation and many other social injustices. International pressure mounted on South Africa and many sanctions were imposed on the apartheid ruling elites. All these did not cow the white leaders but the course of Nelson Mandela was unstoppable. He suffered the blunt of the white rulers for decades. He had sent shock waves that shook the white rulers when he refused to accept and compromise with the evils he experienced and saw. He put his life in line to fight for social justice and freedom of the black and colored people even when imprisonment was staring him in the face. Nelson Mandela’s approach was peaceful and non violent even though there was an armed wing of his political party the African National Congress. Mandela in his autography, Mandela (2000) he openly said before court that, “during my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if need be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.” His approach did not segregate either of the two sides, whites and blacks. This is the speech among the many he delivered even while in prison and he ended up being isolated in a rock island prison.