At one time Mandela said that he was ready to die for his people, and being one of the first African lawyers in the republic of South Africa, he new the what the laws of the apartheid regime that were so hellish and more so towards the Afrikaners or the black people. For the reason of his struggle, Mandela was jailed for 27 years, denied encounters with other political prisoners and separated from his family. He made friends even when and while he was imprisoned. After the release of Mandela from jail or prison, he got the opportunity rule his people and this is the time Mandela’s great humanity and humility not to revenge his tormentors. Being the president of this divided nation, his approach was the ever best and soft in the whole world. Moreover, he is termed as one of the best and brilliant man of the 21st
century. During his rule he never incited his fellow Africans to avenge their tormentors but he took a wonderful and different approach of national healing that worked. The reconciliation process that Mandela supported was led by the retired Arch-Bishop Desmond Tutu. Tutu was also a man of God who supported Mandela’s approach. At one time Desmond Tutu in his memoirs No Future Without Forgiveness of (2000) he believes and says that, “we can not indeed transcend the conflicts of the past, we can hold hands as we realize our common humanity”. He only ruled for one term of five years and retired to his private life; this way stunned the whole world and confirmed his quest for equality and equal opportunities for all people in South Africa. The peaceful transition that Mandela presided over was applauded by all and sundry.
Mandela’s approach of non violent was mind boggling for many whites even though the armed wing of the African National Congress had his blessings. Mandela did assume all the ills that befell his people for many decades that have had the impact to this day. After attaining independence Mandela forgot that past which professor Thompson (2001) says that, “the black people in extension population faced all dehumanizing encounters and broken social systems which included the very basic ones of education and health.” South Africa could have plunged into a civil in the lifetime of Nelson Mandela, but his wisdom has seen South Africa emerge as an African superpower even though the ills are not yet finished. Furthermore the minority rulers ceded power respectively and peacefully to be extended an olive hand when they are out of power. Mandela’s reconciliatory speeches have also acted as a weapon against a few enemies that do not recognize the majority rule of the black South Africans as Mandela (2000) quotes himself in a speech, “the Constitution of south African and the culture of respect and tolerance which it embodies, are among the reason, we do now, that South Africa has been supported from as far as even before independence.”
Non-violence and civil disobedience practices in many countries apart from India, United States of America and South Africa forced authoritarian leaders or despots to resign or quit office. In the present times these practices have an impact and many leaders have left office. These approaches have been recommended to avoid bloody confrontations and coups. Unfortunately and of late we have not heard leaders of the same caliber as Mandela, Gandhi and Martin Luther. However, this great orators and eloquent speaker that moved masses will be role models throughout history.